What did man inherit, Adam's actual Sin, or Adam's Propensity To Sin?
The Talmud's teachings on Original Sin would surprise most Believers today, as the Rabbis normally teach that the concept of Original Sin is incompatible with Jewish thought. This statement, while correct based on what many denominations teach, belies some very significant parallels between the concept of Original Sin, the effects of Adam's sin on the world, and the Yetzer Hara (evil inclination).
The Rabbis teach that the effect of the sin in the Garden of Eden had repercussions on all subsequent generations. It is the direct cause of death which is the fate of every living creature. Similarly, they teach the taint of the sin of the Golden Calf on subsequent generations. This is considerably different from many Church denominations' often taught concept that man inherits sin (Yeshua taught man actually inherits the Sin Nature or Propensity To Sin). Thus, according to the Rabbis, while man is burdened by the consequences of sin, he is not personally responsible for the actions of his forefathers. This is consistent with the statement in Torah that G-D punishes the iniquity of the fathers to the 3-4 generation (not the 1000th), and that a son not be punished for the crimes of the father.
To expand the discussion, if we, as Messianics, believe man inherited the taint of sin (that is, the Propensity To Sin), we find ourselves in a more Biblically correct position that is consistent with that is taught by the Rabbis. When combined with the concept of the Yetzer Hara (evil inclination), a strikingly clear picture comes into focus. It is the inherited Propensity To Sin, coupled with the evil inclination, that must be overcome and mastered. This evil nature and Propensity To Sin can be overcome. This is the work of the Ruach HaKodesh, to live in us and have us follow the Torah now written on our heart. Thus, the death of Yeshua reconciles us to the Father, and the Ruach HaKodesh gives us the ability to then live out G-D's Torah, walking in the way of righteousness.
Blessings, Rabbi Gavri'el